ERIC Number: EJ1168862
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
The Reading Wars and Reading Recovery: What Educators, Families, and Taxpayers Should Know
Cook, Pamela; Rodes, Deborah R.; Lipsitz, Kay L.
Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v22 n2 p12-23 2017
Reading Recovery, a meaning-based reading program designed for young children at risk of reading failure, is widely implemented across the United States. We discuss the recent Reading Recovery $45 million four-year i3-funded scaleup study that was designed to "cover the expansion of Reading Recovery around the U.S." (May, Sirinides, Gray, & Goldsworthy, 2016, p. 1). While one of the two goals of the study was to determine the long-term impact of Reading Recovery, this study, described by its authors as "highly successful" (p. 4), found a "not significant" long-term effect on students' reading skills. Subsequent Reading Recovery publications have failed to mention this "not significant" effect. With the exception of year one of the study, there are no publicly available test score data for the students when they were in Grades 2 or 3. Further, it appears that the actual lowest achieving students (special education students, students retained in first grade, and others) were systematically excluded from Reading Recovery instruction. Overall, there is very limited evidence of Reading Recovery's efficacy as an effective long-term reading intervention. We discuss the limitations of the Reading Recovery approach, how Reading Recovery can be improved, and strongly recommend that schools do not adopt this program unless it incorporates all components of evidence-based reading instruction.
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Early Intervention, Special Education, Learning Disabilities, Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Reading Failure, At Risk Students, Reading Programs, Reading Skills, Young Children, Grade 2, Grade 3, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Pretests Posttests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 2
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